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In a capital blessed with a wealth of world-famous architecture, this 2,000-year-old temple stands as one of the greatest monuments to the power and ambition of the Roman Empire.
Although originally built in the 1st century B.C. under the auspices of Roman general Marcus Agrippa, the Pantheon we see today was actually laid out in the year 126 by famous Roman emperor Hadrian. Despite this, the inscription across its facade credits its first commissioner, reading “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, made this building when consul for the third time.”
Famed for its portico of eight striking granite Corinthian columns, with another eight behind — all supporting a vast triangular pediment — the main temple building is actually a rotunda, topped with what remains the largest non-reinforced concrete dome on earth. The diameter of the rotunda is 142 feet (43 meters) and its height from checkerboard marble floor to lofty dome apex is exactly the same. While the dome above is the feature that gains the most attention, take time to look down at the floor, unchanged since Roman times.
First built as a temple to the Ancient Roman gods (a translation of “pantheon” is “for all gods”), the structure has been used as a Roman Catholic church since the early 7th century. This Christian conversion had an enormous influence on the interior decor of the structure. From the many Renaissance masterpieces now adorning the curved walls of the rotunda to all the noteworthy Christians buried in its tomb (including Italian king Umberto I and famous artist Raphael), the Pantheon beautifully brings together Roman mythology and Christian dogma.
With millions of tourists exploring the far-from-spacious monument every single year, expect lines stretching across Piazza della Rotonda every day. However long it takes, there is no doubt that the Pantheon is worth the wait.
The Pantheon is in central Rome and is open seven days a week. As the streets in the area are too narrow for buses, the best way to get to the Pantheon is by taxi or on foot. Some buses do get fairly close if you are up for a short walk.
Located in Repubblica, this family-friendly Rome hotel is steps from Teatro dell'Opera di Roma, Via Nazionale, and Via XX Settembre. Via Veneto and Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore are also within 10 minutes. Repubblica - Opera House Station is only a 2-minute walk and Barberini Station is 8 minutes.
Located in Navona, this hotel is steps from Palazzo Montecitorio and Via del Corso. Pantheon and Trevi Fountain are also within 10 minutes. Spagna Station is 11 minutes by foot and Barberini Station is 12 minutes.
Located in Repubblica, this hotel is steps from Teatro dell'Opera di Roma and Via Nazionale. Via XX Settembre and Piazza della Repubblica are also within 5 minutes. Repubblica - Opera House Station is only a 4-minute walk and Barberini Station is 9 minutes.
Located in Repubblica, this spa hotel is within a 15-minute walk of Baths of Diocletian, Trevi Fountain, and Spanish Steps. Roman Forum and Villa Borghese are also within 1 mi (2 km). Repubblica - Opera House Station is only a 4-minute walk and Barberini Station is 8 minutes.
This family-friendly Rome hotel is located in the historical district, within a 10-minute walk of Piazza Navona, Pantheon, and Campo de' Fiori. Via del Corso and Castel Sant'Angelo are also within 15 minutes. Spagna Station is 16 minutes by foot and Barberini Station is 19 minutes.
This family-friendly Rome hotel is located in the historical district, steps from Via Condotti, Piazza di Spagna, and Via del Corso. Spanish Steps and Pincio are also within 5 minutes. Spagna Station is only a 3-minute walk and Flaminio - Piazza del Popolo Station is 11 minutes.
Located in Rome City Centre, this hotel is within a 5-minute walk of Pantheon and Piazza Navona. Trevi Fountain and Castel Sant'Angelo are also within 15 minutes. Spagna Station is 11 minutes by foot and Barberini Station is 15 minutes.
Located in Monti, this hotel is within a 10-minute walk of Palace of Expositions, Quirinale Palace, and Rinascente Flagship Store - Via del Tritone. Piazza Venezia and Imperial Fora are also within 15 minutes. Repubblica - Opera House Station is 8 minutes by foot and Cavour Station is 8 minutes.